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雕塑的类型和形式雕塑的类型!

发布日期: 2020-02-18 来源: 点击:次 发布人:admin

雕塑的类型和形式有两种:圆形雕塑和浮雕。

There are two types and forms of sculpture: Circular sculpture and relief.
即圆形雕刻
I.e. circular carving
所谓圆形雕塑,是指可以从多个方向和角度观看的未压缩的三维雕塑。
The so-called circular sculpture refers to the uncompressed three-dimensional sculpture that can be viewed from multiple directions and angles.
也有各种方法和形式,包括现实主义和装饰,以及具体和抽象,室内和室外,书架和大城市雕塑,色彩和无色等;雕塑的内容和主题
There are also various methods and forms, including realism and decoration, as well as concrete and abstract, indoor and outdoor, bookshelf and big city sculpture, color and colorless, etc.; sculpture content and theme
色彩丰富,可以是人物、动物甚至是静物;材料更加丰富多彩,包括石头、木头、金属、粘土、纺织品、纸张、植物、橡胶等等。
Rich in color, it can be people, animals or even still life; materials are more colorful, including stone, wood, metal, clay, textiles, paper, plants, rubber, etc.
圆形雕塑作为一种雕塑技术被广泛应用,也是普通人更常见的雕塑形式。本书将先容肖像圆形雕塑的雕塑技法。
As a kind of sculpture technology, circular sculpture is widely used, and it is also the most common form of sculpture for ordinary people. This book will focus on the sculpture techniques of portrait circular sculpture.
第二,救援
Second, rescue
所谓浮雕是雕塑与绘画的结合。压缩用于处理对象。透视和其他因素被用来表示三维空间,只在一面或两面。
Relief is the combination of sculpture and painting. Compression is used to process objects. Perspective and other factors are used to represent three-dimensional space, only on one or two sides.
浮雕通常附在另一架飞机上,所以它们更多地用于建筑物中,也经常出现在船只上。
Reliefs are usually attached to another plane, so they are more used in buildings and often on ships.
因其结构紧凑,占用空间少,适用于各种环境的装饰。近年来,它在城市美化中变得越来越重要。
Because of its compact structure and less space, it is suitable for decoration in various environments. In recent years, it has become more and more important in urban beautification.
山东景观雕塑
浮雕的内容、形式和材料与圆形雕塑一样多种多样。
The contents, forms and materials of relief are as diverse as those of circular sculpture.
主要有神龛式、高浮雕、浅浮雕、线雕和雕刻等形式。
There are mainly shrines, high relief, shallow relief, line sculpture and sculpture and other forms.
中国古代石窟雕塑可概括为神雕。根据造型手法的不同,可分为写实型、装饰性和抽象型;
The ancient Chinese grotto sculpture can be summarized as the God sculpture. According to different modeling techniques, it can be divided into realistic, decorative and abstract types;
高浮雕是指一种形式的小浮雕,大浮雕,接近圆形甚至半圆形的雕塑。这种浮雕明暗对比强烈,视觉效果极佳;
High relief refers to a form of small relief, large relief, nearly circular or even semi-circular sculpture. This kind of relief has strong contrast between light and shade and excellent visual effect;
浅浮雕具有较高的压缩和较小的浮雕。它不仅保持了建筑的平面度,还具有一定的体量感和起伏感;
Shallow relief has higher compression and smaller relief. It not only keeps the flatness of the building, but also has a certain sense of volume and fluctuation;
雕刻线条是绘画和雕塑的结合。它是由光和影产生的。它用光代替笔,甚至还有一些细微的波动,给人一种优雅、细腻的感觉;镂空雕刻就是去除所谓的浮雕底板,从而创造出各种负空间,以及负空间与正空间的等高线与转换的节奏。
Sculpture line is the combination of painting and sculpture. It is produced by light and shadow. It uses light instead of pen, and even has some subtle fluctuations, which gives people a kind of elegant and delicate feeling; hollow carving is to remove the so-called relief base plate, so as to create a variety of negative spaces, as well as the contour lines and conversion rhythm of negative and positive spaces.

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